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Press Conference: Bank of Canada hikes key interest rate 50 basis points for 1st time in 22 years
Bank of Canada hikes key interest rate 50 basis points for 1st time in 22 years
The Bank of Canada hiked its benchmark interest rate by half a percentage point to one per cent on Wednesday in its latest move to rein in high inflation.
The bank's rate impacts Canadian businesses and consumers by influencing the rates they pay and receive on things like mortgages, GICs and savings accounts.
The bank slashed its rate to barely above zero in March of 2020 when the pandemic began.
While the move helped the economy to weather the unprecedented uncertainty of COVID-19, in recent months, inflation has come roaring back to its highest level in decades, prompting the central bank to start unwinding all that cheap credit.
It's the second time in as many months that the bank has ratcheted its rate higher, and as such Wednesday's move is both the bank's first back-to-back rate hike since 2017, as well as its biggest single hike since the year 2000.
Economists were expecting the move, and with inflation flirting with six per cent, they expect more to come, at least until the central bank's rate gets up to two per cent — and possibly beyond.
Officials at the bank including governor Tiff Macklem will have more to say about the bank's decision at a press conference in Ottawa starting at 11 a.m. Wednesday.
Bank of Canada holds rates despite surging inflation
The Bank of Canada surprised markets Wednesday by keeping its key lending rate at 0.25 per cent, while putting Canadians on notice that interest rates will eventually rise.
The central bank decided to hold on rates despite surging inflation and a stronger-than-expected economic recovery. Heading into the decision, Bloomberg data showed the implied probability of a hike on Wednesday was approximately 70 per cent.
In its statement, the bank acknowledged slack in the economy has been absorbed but that the Omicron variant of COVID-19 is weighing on growth in the first quarter.
It also said while near-term inflation expectations have moved higher, the longer-run projections are still anchored on the bank’s two per cent target.
“The bank will use its monetary policy tools to ensure that higher near-term inflation expectations do not become embedded in ongoing inflation,” it said in the statement, while adding that it expects interest rates to rise in the future.
In the bank’s Monetary Policy Report (MPR), it said it projects inflation will remain near five per cent in the first half of the year, bolstered by ongoing supply chain issues and rising food and commodity prices, before easing to 2.3 per cent in 2023.
“The Bank of Canada judged that a fresh pandemic wave wasn’t the opportune time to launch into a rate hike cycle, or just wanted to formally end its forward guidance before actually pulling the trigger, but left no doubts that rate hikes are coming,” said Avery Shenfeld, chief economist at CIBC Capital Markets, in a report to clients.
Here’s what’s in the $2 trillion coronavirus stimulus bill
The Senate releases a roughly $2 trillion economic relief plan in response to the coronavirus pandemic, which it hopes to pass Wednesday night.
It includes direct payments to Americans, strengthened unemployment insurance, loans to businesses small and large and increased health care resources for hospitals, states and municipalities.
It is unclear when the House will pass the legislation, though it could do so as early as Thursday.
The Senate released an unprecedented stimulus bill Wednesday, estimated to cost $2 trillion, as Congress tries to lessen the coronavirus pandemic’s human and economic toll.
The chamber hopes to move quickly to pass the legislation Wednesday night as workers face widespread layoffs, hospitals and states starve for resources and businesses small and large worry about their survival. The House is unlikely to pass the proposal before Thursday.
The bill, designed to offer relief to individuals, the health care system and even an entire corporate sector ravaged by the outbreak, would:
Give direct payments of up to $1,200 for individuals and $2,400 for couples, with $500 added for every child, based on 2019 tax returns for those who filed them and 2018 information, if they have not. The benefit would start to phase out above $75,000 in income for individuals and $150,000 for couples, going away completely at the $99,000 and $198,000 thresholds, respectively
Boost unemployment insurance, adding $600 per week for up to four months on top of what beneficiaries normally receive from states. It expands eligibility to self-employed people and independent contractors
Create a $500 billion pool of taxpayer money to make loans, loan guarantees or investments to or in businesses, states and municipalites damaged by the crisis
Give $25 billion in grants to airlines and $4 billion to cargo carriers to be used exclusively to pay employee wages, salaries and benefits, and set aside another $25 billion and $4 billion, respectively, for loans and loan guarantees
Provide $17 billion in loans and loan guarantees for unspecified “businesses critical to maintaining national security”
Put $117 billion into hospitals and veterans’ health care
Provide $16 billion for the strategic national stockpile of pharmaceutical and medical supplies
Give $350 billion in loans for small businesses to cover salary, wages and benefits, worth 250% of an employer’s monthly payroll, with a maximum loan of $10 million
Include a tax credit for retaining employees, worth up to 50% of wages paid during the crisis, for businesses forced to suspend operations or that have seen gross receipts fall by 50% from the previous year
Require group health plans and insurance providers to cover preventive services related to coronavirus without cost sharing
Delay payroll tax for employers, requiring half of the deferred tax to be paid by the end of 2021 and the other half by the end of 2022
Ban companies that take government loans from buying back stock until a year after the loan is paid back
Bar employees or executives who made at least $425,000 last year from getting a raise
Stop President Donald Trump and his family members’ businesses from receiving emergency taxpayer relief. The provision also applies to Vice President Mike Pence, heads of executive departments, members of Congress and their family members
Suspend federal student loan payments through Sept. 30 with no accrual of interest on those loans
As the coronavirus disease COVID-19 spreads across the U.S., there are now more than 65,000 cases and at least 900 deaths from it, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University. Patients have flooded hospitals in New York City, the epicenter of the outbreak in the U.S., as states around the country plead for more critical resources such as masks and ventilators.
As businesses and schools close across the country to slow the outbreak, a wave of layoffs and furloughs has hit Americans. States are expected to report historic unemployment claims as the economy slows and workers struggle to cover bills.
Bernanke: Coronavirus disruptions ‘much closer to a major snowstorm’ than the Great Depression
Ben Bernanke, the former Federal Reserve chairman who served before and after the 2008 financial crisis, told CNBC on Wednesday the coronavirus economic halt is more like a “major snowstorm” than an economic depression.
“This is a very different animal than the Great Depression,” Bernanke stressed. “The Great Depression, for one thing, lasted for 12 years, and it came from human problems: monetary and financial shocks that hit the system.”
“This has some of the same feel of panic, some of the feel of volatility,” he said in a “Squawk Box” interview. “It’s really much closer to a major snowstorm or a natural disaster than it is to a classic 1930s-style depression.”
Bernanke’s comments echoed what current St. Louis Fed President James Bullard said earlier on “Squawk Box.” Bullard believes the economy is facing a huge shock to the system over the near term, but it will then bounce back strong after worst of the outbreak passes.
"We will postpone this and begin to deal with all the ramifications of moving this, which are immense."
'We will be joining Canada and Australia'
Canada and Australia had already announced their decision to withdraw from this summer's Games when the chairman of the British Olympic Association, Hugh Robertson, said he expected Britain to be "joining shortly".
"We can't see any way that this can go ahead as things are constituted," said Robertson. "I expect we will be joining Canada and Australia shortly."
As of Sunday, there had been 5,683 confirmed cases of coronavirus in the United Kingdom, with 281 deaths.
"I think it is very simple. If the virus continues as predicted by the government, I don't think there is any way we can send a team," Robertson told Sky Sports News.
"First, I don't see any way that the athletes and Team GB could be ready by then. Elite training facilities are perfectly understandably and quite correctly closed around the country, so there is no way they could undertake the preparation they need to get ready for a Games.
"Secondly, there is the appropriateness of holding an Olympic Games at a time like this. We are actually in a process where we are talking to all our sports. We will complete that over the next couple of days.
"We have already said to the IOC (International Olympic Committee) that we think their four-week pause is absolutely the right thing to do."
The Canadian Olympic and Paralympic committee said it had taken "the difficult decision" to pull out after consulting athletes, sports groups, and the government.
It then "urgently called" on the IOC, the International Paralympic Committee and the World Health Organization to postpone the Games for a year.
"It's clear the Games can't be held in July," Australia chef de mission Ian Chesterman said on Monday.
"Our athletes have been magnificent in their positive attitude to training and preparing, but the stress and uncertainty has been extremely challenging for them."
The IOC has said postponement is in its "scenario planning". The cancellation of the Tokyo 2020, due to run from 24 July to 9 August, is "not on the agenda", but a "scaled-down" Games is also being considered.
Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe told his country's parliament on Monday that a postponement would be unavoidable if the event cannot be held in a complete way.
Year of the Tiger 2022: How to Bring You Year-long Good Luck for Horoscope in Chinese New Year
Find Your Zodiac Sign
Choose your date of birth and find out about your Chinese zodiac sign.
The Tiger is known as the king of all beasts in China. The zodiac sign Tiger is a symbol of strength, exorcising evils, and braveness. Many Chinese kids wear hats or shoes with a tiger image for good luck.
Ox and Goat are the luckiest zodiac signs in the year of 2022. For those born in the years of the Rat, Snake, Monkey, Pig and Dog, you will need to make comparatively more effort in order to make achievements. Rabbit, Dragon, Horse, and Rooster people are destined to enjoy a smooth life and good luck in making money this year. Tigers will encounter their 'birth sign year' (benmingnian本命年) in 2022. Wearing red will bring good luck in a birth sign year.
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